Armistice Day, November 11, 1918, the end of World War I was first proclaimed a holiday by President Woodrow Wilson for November 11, 1919. In the 1950s the holiday was expanded to include all veterans.
“In Flanders Fields” was written by Lt. Col. John McCrae, Canada, a physician who himself died before the war’s end.
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.
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Sultana: A Case For Sabotage
In print and on Kindle at Amazon.com
The story of Confederate boatburner and spy, Robert Louden, called the “murderer of the age.”
Among the steamboats destroyed on the Mississippi River, the one with the largest single loss of life was the steamer Sultana. The boat had been loaded with over 2000 people, most of them Union POWs returning from Southern prison camps. When the Sultana exploded and burned, as many as 1800 people were killed as many Union soldiers died on the river that night as died on the battlefield of Shiloh. With them died a number of women, children, and civilian men.
Was it an accident? Or sabotage?
Excerpt from Sultana: A Case For Sabotage
Seven miles out of Memphis, at 2:00 a.m. on April 27, 1865, the steamer Sultana chugged northward loaded with over twenty-three hundred people, most of them Union soldiers returning home from southern prison camps. Without warning, an explosion ripped through the boilers, scalding steam burst out, and a shower of flaming coal shot upward into the night, raining down on the crowded boat, which in moments was engulfed in flames. Over seventeen hundred people died, making the destruction of Sultana a maritime disaster worse than the sinking of the Titanic.
This publication also includes the full-length version of the originally published North & South article, with all footnotes and sources.