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About Civil War St. Louis: "Top-notch, awe-inspiring, and certainly worth our highest award." --Civil War Interactive

 

 


poppies Veterans' Day:

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved, and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields

Lt.Col. John McCrae, Canada
written 1915

Armistice Day, November 11, 1918, the end of World War I, was first proclaimed a holiday by President Woodrow Wilson for November 11, 1919. In the 1950s the holiday was expanded to include all veterans. The holiday was officially changed on November 8, 1954, replacing "Armistice" with "Veterans", becoming the Veterans' Day we now celebrate.

 

 

Featured Articles:

Review of Guide to Missouri Confederate Units, 1861-1865 by James E. McGhee, reviewed by G. E. Rule

 

"Order No. 11 and the Civil War on the Border," by Albert Castel - A balanced and thoughtful appraisal of one of the most emotional issues of the war in Missouri, by the leading historian of the war in the West

Solving the Mystery of the Arsenal Gunsby Randy R. McGuire, Ph. D- groundbreaking original work answering the long-disputed question of the number of guns at the St. Louis Arsenal in early 1861 and their importance to the outcome of the Civil War

Tucker's War: Missouri and the Northwest Conspiracy - by G. E. Rule - original research on J. W. Tucker, one of the most important, yet shadowy, figures in the secret war for Missouri, head of the Boat-Burners a secret service sabotage unit.

 

 

From the webmasters of Civil War St. Louis...


Noted Guerrillas and, the extremely rare, A Terrible Quintette on a searchable CD-ROM:

Click here for more information and to order


 

 


Pages in Civil War St. Louis

Arsenal

 

Courthouse

Gratiot Street Prison

Gratiot Street Prison, at the corner of 8th and Gratiot streets, was the main Union prison in St. Louis. Thousands of people—Confederate POWs, spies, guerrillas, citizens, and even misbehaving Federal soldiers—passed through its doors. The upcoming book will tell the tales of many of the people who spent time in Gratiot Street Prison.

Introduction and Description

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions about the Union prison in St. Louis

Information Sources Print & microfilm  

Then & Now

 

GratiotPrisoner Lists Transcriptions of descriptive lists of prisoners from Gratiot ledgers

List 1 - 200 men

List 2 - 200 men

List 3 - 34 men, more to come

Women and Children - 212 names

lists of women and children held as prisoners at Gratiot and the other St. Louis prisons

Prisoner Notes

 

Prison Journal

Journal account of Gratiot Street Prison with notes on the people and events described, from "Camp and Prison Journal" by Griffin Frost

January-February 1863

March-April 1863

October-November 1863

December 1863-January 1864

March - April 1864

 

Prisoner Profiles

A. C. Grimes Confederate Mail Carrier and Spy Grimes' Story - Obit - Letters from Myrtle Street Prison

Elijah Alexander Mays The story of a Missouri man held at both Gratiot Street Prison and Alton, Il, by Larry Thomas

Robert Payne Byrd The story of a Missouri man held at Gratiot Street Prison who vanished to a small pox hospital never to return, by Kenneth Byrd

 

True Tales of the Tenth Kansas Infantry Articles by Howard Mann

Raid On a Nest of Nymphs

Excitement at Alton Prison Story of an escape from Alton, Ill., prison

Paradox of Capt. George D. Brooke

Sorrowful Revenge by Firing Squad the execution of six Confederate soldiers in St. Louis

 True Tales of the Tenth Kansas Infantry: The Wrong Place at the Wrong Time, The Execution of Barney Gibbons by Howard Mann - execution of a Union deserter in St. Louis new April 1, 2003

 

Upcoming Book on Gratiot Street Prison

Outlaws and Minnesotans How I came to be writing a book on Gratiot - the strange path that led to a book on an obscure Civil War prison


Civil War Missouri History beyond St. Louis:

The whole of Missouri was one of the most bitterly contested and bloody states in the war with numerous battles, large and small. The guerrilla warfare that created a true "civil war" within Missouri ultimately led to the post-war rise in western outlaw bands.

Special Collection:

Military Unit Counties of Origin

Missouri Militia (G. O. #3) County Origins of Specified Units by Kirby Ross -- new May 9, 2004

Missouri Militia (State Convention) County Origins of Specified Units by Kirby Ross -- new May 8, 2004

Home Guard 1861 County Origins of Specified Units by Kirby Ross -- new May 8, 2004

Provisional Enrolled Militia County Origins of Specified Units by Kirby Ross -- new May 7, 2004

Federal Militia in Missouri by Kirby Ross - examining the militia units in Missouri on the Federal side

Enrolled Missouri Militia--County Origins of Specified Units by Kirby Ross

Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia County Origins of Specified Units by Kirby Ross


Counties of Origin First Missouri Confederate Brigade - by James E. McGhee

 

The Neophyte General: U. S. Grant and the Belmont Campaign -- A Missouri Historical Review reprint by James E. McGhee -- new July 4, 2004

The Fight at Jackson Fairgrounds: Confederate Victory Against the Odds: by Kirby Ross, with an introduction by James E. McGhee

John Brooks Henderson: Author of The Thirteenth Amendment Abolishing Slavery in the United States introduced and transcribed by Kirby Ross

Shelby's Missouri Raid, September 1863

as told by Bennett Young

Palmyra Massacre

"The time is passed when insurrection and rebellion in Missouri can cloak itself under the guise of honorable warfare," ...compiled by D. H. Rule  Bio of General John McNeil

Jayhawkers vs Bushwhackers

vehemently opposing descriptions by John N. Edwards and John McElroy

Making of a Confederate Guerrilla

excerpted and introduced by G. E. Rule, from "Noted Guerrillas or the Warfare of the Border", by John N. Edwards

John Newman Edwards, Biographical Sketch

From John N. Edwards: Biography, Memoirs, Reminiscences and Recollections,  edited by Jennie Edwards, 1889

The Aftermath of the Lawrence Massacre

by Lt. Gen John M. Schofield, USA 

The Reminiscences of Bettie Shelby

wife of Confederate General J. O. Shelby


Links and Sources

Sites on the web, books and book reviews, with more information on Civil War era St. Louis and Missouri

 

Links good sites across the Web with information on St. Louis, Missouri, Civil War history, genealogy, research sources

 

Books, Book Reviews, and Magazines

Introduction

How to get the books listed information

Book Reviews

New books on the Civil War era in St. Louis, Missouri, and the Trans-Mississippi reviewed, also movies and music.

 "Missouri Historical Review: The Civil War Articles 1906-2002" index to Civil War articles published in this august publication

Autobiographies

Biographies

Civil War Missouri

St. Louis

Steamboats and the Mississippi River

Spies, Saboteurs, & Smugglers

Border War

James-Younger gang / Outlaws

Battles

Fiction

Movies & Music

The Boat-burners:

The Sultana Disaster and the Boat-Burners-- The story of St. Louis Confederate agent Robert Louden, saboteur of the steamer Sultana, and of the sixty-plus steamers destroyed by the Confederate Boat-Burners.

 

Sabotage of the Sultana

With numerous pages of supporting evidence and documentation for the North & South magazine article "Sultana: A Case for Sabotage." (Issue 5.1, December 2001)

Introduction

Louden Letters

St. Louis articles on the Sultana survivors that led to the Streetor/Louden article

Memphis Daily Appeal article, May 8, 1888

St. Louis Globe-Democrat article May 6, 1888

Survivor Wiley J. Hodges remembrance  & Comment on sabotage by survivor Samuel H. Raudebaugh

The White Cloud Incident

The Sabotage Scenario

Gene Eric Salecker, author of "Disaster on the Mississippi"offers his rebuttal to the article "Sultana: A Case For Sabotage"

 

Mississippi River Saboteurs

Information on some of the other 60+ steamboats destroyed on the Mississippi River during the war and the connection to Missouri Confederate secret service operations.

Introduction

Baker's list of boat-burners with part of Frazor's confession Provost Marshal of Missouri, James H. Baker's list of known boat-burners with the confession of Frazor.

Boat-burners in the Official Records

J. W. Tucker and the Boat-burners One of the most shadowy but important of Missouri agents.

The Steamer Ruth  Steamer burned by Robert Louden with millions of dollars of US Army payroll aboard.

The Steamer Robert J. Campbell, Jr.  Steamer burned by Isaac Elshire with terrible loss of life

The Confederate Secret Service Attack on the St. Louis Levee, September, 1864  by John B. Castleman - An attack in St. Louis... or was it?

"Hell and Maria"  by G. E. Rule - Explosion of Steamer Maria near St. Louis so terrible it spawned the river phase "Hell and Maria". Another boiler explosion, like the Sultana, quite likely caused by the Boat-burners with a Courtenay Torpedo.

 

Special Collection:

Articles of Noted Civil War Historian Albert Castel


Kansas Jayhawking Raids into Western Missouri in 1861 by Albert Castel new April 9, 2004

 

"Order No. 11 and the Civil War on the Border," by Albert Castel

 

A New View of the Battle of Pea Ridge by Albert Castel - A look at the battle and the aftermath by the leading historian of the war in the West.


James-Younger Brothers

From the Missouri-Kansas border area, they were engulfed in the conflict from an early age, afterwards would not, or could not, return to normal life

 

Outlaws  Pictures and personal information on the gang members

 

Robberies Chart giving info on robberies with prominent researchers opinions on who really did which robbery

Russellville, Kentucky

Ste. Genevieve, Missouri

Northfield, Minnesota

 

Jesse James, My Father by Jesse James Jr. --book written in 1899 by the son of Jesse James with his remembrances of his father and stories he was told by his family. 8 chapters online.

Chapter 1: Jesse James, My Father

Chapter 2: The Death of Jesse James

Chapter 3 - The James Family & Chapter 4 - The Border Wars

Chapter 5 - Jesse James as a Guerrilla

Chapter 6 -Closing Days of the Border Warfare -

Chapter 7 -After the War  

Chapter 8 - Outlawed and Hunted, part 1

part 2 of chapter 8, "Outlawed and Hunted" - the death and funeral of Jesse James

 

Frank James Trial

Nine chapters of a contemporary account

intro & chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6  Gen. Shelby testifies

Chapter 7   Zerelda Samuel & Frank James testify

Chapter 8Prosecution closing address

Chapter 9Jury instructions & verdict

 

James-Younger Quotes The gang members in their own words

A Terrible QuintetteJesse James and Arthur McCoy speak about their wartime activities and outlaw life

Sources The best books on the James and Youngers

James & Youngers in the Census James, Samuel, & Younger families census records

Arthur McCoy  Cavalry captain under Shelby, spy, smuggler, saboteur. Later he is said to have joined up with the James-Younger gang as a bank and train robber

The Killing of Jesse James by John Newman Edwards

Quantrill as Described by John Newman Edwards, 1872

Death of Lee McMurtry of Quantrill's band from the Wichita Daily Times

Death of Mrs. Zerelda Samuel, mother of Frank and Jesse James newspaper account

Jayhawkers vs Bushwhackers  Vehemently opposing descriptions by John N. Edwards and John McElroy

Making of a Confederate Guerrilla  Excerpted and introduced by G. E. Rule, from "Noted Guerrillas or the Warfare of the Border", by John N. Edwards

Press Release: The Jesse James Gang & Family Reunion Announces the James Family DNA Project added September 8, 2002

John Newman Edwards, Biographical Sketch  From John N. Edwards: Biography, Memoirs, Reminiscences and Recollections,  edited by Jennie Edwards, 1889

Interview With Cole Younger as interviewed by J. W. Buel, November 7, 1880

Civil War St. Louis History

General Basil Duke believed the war was lost for the South in the spring of 1861 in St. Louis, Missouri. Throughout the war, St. Louis was a hotspot for spies, conspiracies, and plots. It was a vitally important city to both sides.

 

Civil War St. Louis Timeline

 

A Missouri Civil War Syllabus by the webmasters of www.civilwarstlouis.com

 

Arthur McCoy

Cavalry captain under Shelby, spy, smuggler, saboteur. Later he is said to have joined up with the James-Younger gang as a bank and train robber... by D. H. Rule

Cross Purposes

Sterling Price, Jefferson Davis, and the Northwest Confederacy  ...by G. E. Rule

Tucker's War: Missouri and the Northwest Conspiracy - by G. E. Rule - original research on J. W. Tucker, one of the most important, yet shadowy, figures in the secret war for Missouri, head of the Boat-Burners a secret service sabotage unit new February 19, 2003

OAK Call to ArmsThe Order of American Knights and Price's 1864 invasion

Rock Champion: Knight of the South

St. Louis Minute Man who became known for his "reckless daring and intrepid boldness" ...by Robert L. Durham

Blair and Lyon Save the Union

How a minority of Union men kept St. Louis and Missouri out of the control of the Confederacy  ...by G. E. Rule

The 140 Year Debate Over the Number of Guns at the Arsenal

by G. E. Rule - The central facet of the struggle for St. Louis, and Missouri, in 1861 was the story of the maneuvering for control of the United States Arsenal.

Solving the Mystery of the Arsenal Gunsby Randy R. McGuire, Ph. D- groundbreaking original work answering the long-disputed, and vital, question of the number of guns at the St. Louis Arsenal and their importance to the outcome of the Civil War

General Nathaniel Lyon and Missouri in 1861 

1866  book to be presented in its entirety on this website, by James Peckham

Thomas Hart Benton in Defense of Dueling

Was the Civil War one gigantic duel of honor? by G. E. Rule

McIntosh and Lovejoy

by Louis S. Gerteis - an excerpt from his book "Civil War St. Louis"

Justus McKinstry and his Enemies

Court Martial and "Vindication" of Fremont's quartermaster and St. Louis Provost Marshal Justus McKinstry

St. Louis in the News- Excerpts from St. Louis newspapers during the war years

"Happy" Holidays in Civil War St. Louis

The Missouri Conventionby Thomas L. Snead

Meeting at the Planters HouseBlair, Lyon, Price, and Jackson's meeting as described by John McElroy

The Minute Men

As described by Thomas L. Snead, introduced by G. E. Rule  Bio of Thomas L. Snead

Missouri Oath of Loyalty 1865

As described by Galusha Anderson, introduced by G. E. Rule

Galusha Anderson: Preacher and Educator

St. Louis minister and abolitionist, later author of "Story of  Border City During the Civil War", one of the most important books on St. Louis during the war years. "Preacher and Educator" is a biography written in 1933 by his son

Charcoals & Claybanks

As described by Galusha Anderson, introduced by G. E. Rule  Bio of Galusha Anderson

"The Confederate Camp"by J.W. Tucker, Missouri Army Argus, Osceola, Mo., Dec. 12, 1861

Manly Missouri Cross-Dressers of the Civil War

Noting this curious tendency by both Unionists and Confederates by G. E. Rule

Taming the Southern Belles of St. Louis

As described by John McElroy, introduced by G. E. Rule

Father Bannon

St. Louis priest who became Confederate chaplain on the battlefields, by James M. Gallen

Lady With Spurs

Nathaniel Lyon's famous trip into Camp Jackson dressed as a woman.

Provost Marshals

The men who for a time were absolute rulers of Missouri

James O. Broadhead: Ardent Unionist, Unrepentant Slaveholder by Kirby Ross, Union Provost Marshal in St. Louis

John S. Marmaduke - Missouri State Tribune, Nov. 24, 1901

James H. Baker

Union Provost Marshal of St. Louis and Dept. of Missouri, 1863-65

Grant in Missouri

Excerpted and introduced by G. E. Rule from "Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, Volume 1", by Ulysses S. Grant 

Sherman in St. Louis

Excerpted and introduced by G. E. Rule from “Memoirs of General William T. Sherman,” by Gen. W. T. Sherman

Fremont in Missouri

John Charles Fremont's 100 days in Missouri that left a lasting impression   Bio of Fremont

Fremont's Hundred Days in Missouri - I II III - Atlantic Monthly, Jan-Mar. 1862

Fremont’s One Hundred Days: Francis P. Blair, Jr.’s speech to the House of Representatives, March 7, 1862

Home Guard

as described by Galusha Anderson, introduced by G. E. Rule


Commentaries

On the Number of Confederate States: A Mini-Rant by G. E. Rule

Patriots and People How distant historical characters became real people by D. H. Rule

Choosing Sides Why people in Missouri picked to fight for the side they did by D. H. Rule

Lessons Learned Discoveries made through research that just don't match popular history by D. H. Rule


Pictures from Civil War St. Louis Photos of Civil War sites in St. Louis, featuring monuments at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery

Biographies Index of people on site with bio pages

Authors Introductions to the authors whose works are excerpted in Civil War St. Louis


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 Online since January 25, 2001

 

 

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