Posted May 8, 2004

This is copyrighted material--the article, the pictures, and the introduction--and may not be copied or reproduced in any form, including on other websites, without permission of the authors.

 HOME GUARD

County Origins of Specified Units

 

by Kirby Ross

 

Also by this author:

James O. Broadhead: Ardent Unionist, Unrepentant Slaveholder by Kirby Ross

 

Autobiography of Sam Hildebrand

Autobiography of Samuel S. Hildebrand
by Kirby Ross, Samuel S. Hildebrand, James W. Evans, A. Wendell Keith

available at Amazon.com

 The True Life Wild West Memoir of a Bush-Popping Cow Waddy

By Charley Hester, Edited by Kirby Ross

available at Amazon.com

 

The Missouri Home Guard was unlike the Home Guard organization in any other state.  It was controlled by the national government, as opposed to the state government, and existed only for a few months.  Closely related to (and sometimes considered a part of) the United States Reserve Corps (USRC), the Home Guard was a major component of the Federal force that bore the brunt of the fighting in Missouri in the first months of the war.

     Despite the key role it played, records are sparse on the Home Guard.  One post-war Congressional report stated it consisted of 241 companies, 6 regiments, and 22 battalions, a partial listing of which appears below.  This inventory is nowhere near complete, and the names of large numbers of units that were formed seem to have been forever lost to history.  Those that have been identified seem, in large part, to be the consequence of members of the individual units having taken a small amount of time to compile a roster of the troops in their commands.   

     An observant reader will note a discrepancy between the number of regiments the Congressional report listed and the number named on this chart.  This appears to be the result of battalion-sized units being listed as regiments in some primary sources. 

     Brief notes are sometimes included below regarding the units and/or their commanding officers.  This is not to slight any other men or units that went on to do noteworthy deeds—it is merely the consequence of having had specific information very close at hand as this list was being drawn up.  

 

See also: Federal Militia in Missouri by Kirby Ross

1. Home Guard 1861

2. Six-Month Militia 1861

3. Missouri State Militia 1861-1865

4.Enrolled Missouri Militia 1862-1865

5. Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia 1863-1865

6. Provisional Enrolled Militia (G.O. #107) 1864-1865

7. Missouri Militia (G.O. #3) 1865

8. Missouri Militia (State Convention) 1865-late 19th century

 

COUNTY OF ORIGIN/ COMMANDING   EXISTED    
   NAME OF UNIT       OFFICER STRENGTH (1861) CASUALTIES COMMENTS
           
Adair County Home Guard          
      Gordon's Independent Company (Mtd.) Capt. James E. Gordon 58 May-Oct. 15   Note:  Participated in Action at Blue Mills on Sept. 17
      Shibley's Point Independent Company Capt. Jacob R. Cook 164 June-Sept.    
      Bolander's Independent Company (Inf.) Capt. William H. Bolander 49 Aug.-Oct. 5    
           
Barry County Home Guard          
      Stone Prairie Independent Company       Capt. John Sexton 41 June-Aug    
           
Benton County Home Guard Regiment Col. Henry Imhauser   6 companies June 13-Sept. 13 24 KIA/3 DOW Note:  Participated in the Battle of Cole Camp on June 19
           
Caldwell County Home Guard          
      Kingston Independent Company Capt. Moses L. James 57 June-Sept. 24   3 KIA Note:  Participated in Action at Blue Mills on Sept. 17
      Shoal Creek Rangers Capt. James R. Murphy 80         ?    
           
Cape Girardeau County Home Guard          
      Cape Girardeau Independent Battalion Maj. George H. Cramer   4 companies June-Sept.      
      Fremont Rangers Independent Battalion Lt. Col. Lindsay Murdock   3 companies ??-Dec. 10   8 KIA/1 DOW/2 MIA Note:  Not to be confused with two unrelated independent companies operating under the "Fremont Rangers" name in Dade and Johnson counties (see below).
           
Cass County Independent Company Capt. Aaron Thomas 76 July-Sept. 8   2 KIA  
           
Christian County Home Guard         See Greene County Home Guard, below
           
Clinton County Home Guard          
      Edgar's Independent Company Capt. William A. Edgar 91 June-Sept. 16    
      Rogers' Independent Company Capt. Hugh L.W. Rogers 64 June 14-Nov. 20   1 KIA  
           
Cole County Home Guard           
      Jefferson City Home Guard Battalion                ?                ? June-Aug.    
      Cole County Home Guard Regiment Col. Allen P. Richardson 11 companies June-Oct. 1   2 KIA/2 DOW/2 MIA  
           
Cooper County Home Guard          
      Boonville Independent Battalion Maj. Joseph A. Eppstein   3 companies June-Dec. 18   5 KIA  
           
Dade County Home Guard          
      Fremont Rangers Independent Company Capt. T.A. Switzler 138 Aug-Sept. 1    Note:  Participated in the Battle of Wilson's Creek on Aug. 10
           
Dallas County Home Guard Battalion Col. William B. Edwards   4 companies June-Aug. 10    
           
DeKalb County Home Guard Regiment                 ?                ? June-Sept.    
           
Douglas County Independent Company Capt. John S. Upshaw 77 July-Oct. 13   Note:  Absorbed into Phelps' Volunteer Regiment on 10/13/61
           
Franklin County Home Guard            
      Pacific Railroad Home Guard Battalion Col. William C. Inks   6 companies June-Sep. 17    
      Franklin County Home Guard Battalion Col. James W. Owens   6 companies June-Sept. 28   3 KIA  
      Railroad Patrol Guard Company Captain George King 100 Sept.-Jan. 23, 1862    
           
Gasconade County Home Guard          
      Matthew's Independent Battalion Col. James A. Matthews   4 companies June-Sept. 4    
      Hundhausen's Independent Battalion Lt. Col. Julius Hundhausen   5 companies ??-Oct. 1   Note:  Reorganized as Hundhausen's Battalion U.S.R.C. (3 Years), which was subsequently absorbed into the 4th Missouri Infantry Volunteers.          
           
Gentry County Home Guard Regiment Col. Manlove Cranor   8 companies June-Oct.   1 KIA/2 MIA Note:  Participated in Action at Blue Mills on Sept. 17
           
Greene County Home Guard          
      Greene County Independent Company Capt. Colly B. Holland 89 June-Oct. 5    
      Greene & Christian County Regiment Col. John S. Phelps 13 companies June-Aug. 17   4 KIA/5 MIA Note:  Detachment participated in Battle of Wilson's Creek on August 10.  Colonel Phelps was a U.S. Congressman at the time of his service in the Home Guard.  After this unit was disbanded he served as commanding officer of Phelps' Volunteer Regiment and then as military governor of Arkansas.  After the war he was elected governor of Missouri.    
           
Harrison County Home Guard Regiment Col. Henry O. Nevill   7 companies Sept. 3-Sept. 23    
           
Hickory County Home Guard Battalion         See Osage County Home Guard, below
           
Iron County Home Guard          
      Pilot Knob Independent Company Capt. Ferdinand Schmitz 99 June-Oct. 13    
           
Jefferson County Home Guard          
      DeSoto Independent Company Capt. Allen Cook 85 June-Sept. 19   1 KIA  
           
Johnson County Home Guard          
      Johnson County Home Guard Regiment Col. James D. Eads 11 companies June-Sept.   1 KIA/1 DOW   Note:  Participated in the Siege of Lexington Sept. 11-21.  Records are available only for field officers and one company: of the two casualties identified, one was a lieutenant colonel and the other a first lieutenant.  This indicates the possibility a significant number of casualties may have been incurred throughout the entire regiment. 
      Fremont Rangers Independent Company Capt. William J. Budd 99 Aug.-Dec.    
           
Knox County Home Guard Regiment                ?   7 companies July-Oct.   1 KIA Note:  Participated in the Action at Clapp's Ford on Aug. 14
           
Lafayette County Home Guard          
      14th Missouri Home Guard Regiment Col. Robert White   8 companies July-Oct. 19   3 KIA Note:  Fought at Siege of Lexington Sept. 11-21 and was captured en masse.
      Lexington Independent Company Capt. Frederick R. Neet 74 Aug. 12-Oct. 22   Note:  Fought at Siege of Lexington Sept. 11-21 and was captured en masse.
           
Lawrence County Home Guard Regiment Col. James C. Martin   6 companies May 25-Aug. 10 14 KIA/1 DOW  
           
Lewis County Independent Company Capt. Robert McCollum 41 June-July 16    
           
Linn County Home Guard          
      Linn County Independent Company                ? 41 ??-July 16    
      Brookfield Independent Company Capt. Watson E. Crandall 87 June-Aug.    
           
Livingston County Independent Company Capt. Peter Sutliff 67 June-Sept.    
           
Maries County Independent Company Capt. William Wenzel 60 June-Aug. 26    
           
Marion County Home Guard Battalion Maj. Josiah Hunt   3 companies June-Sept.   2 KIA/1 MIA  
           
Moniteau County Independent Company Capt. John E. Pothoff 62 June-Aug. 16    
           
Nodaway County Home Guard Regiment Col. Wm. J.W. Bickett   7 companies July-Oct. 20    
           
Osage County Home Guard          
      Osage County Independent Battalion Maj. Chesley Glover   6 companies May 27-July 21    
      Osage County Regiment and Hickory   County Battalion Col. Joseph W. McClurg 17 companies June-Dec.   1 KIA/1 MIA Note:  Colonel McClurg was elected governor of Missouri after the war.
           
Ozark County Home Guard           
      Martindale's Independent Company Capt. W.F. Martindale   June-Oct. 13   2 KIA/3 DOW    
      Stone's Independent Company Capt. B.S. Stone   June-Oct. 18    
           
Pettis County Independent Company Capt. John P. Thatcher 92 June-Aug. 15    
           
Phelps County Home Guard          
      Bennight's Independent Company Capt. John W. Bennight 63 July-Sept. 20   4 KIA    Note:   Available records indicate large number of casualties incurred at Bennight's Mill against Col. Freeman on Sept. 1
           
Pike County Home Guard Regiment Col. George W. Anderson   8 companies May-Sept. 3   Note:  Anderson's father and two brothers served in the Confederate Army, with his father being killed in action in December 1861.  After the Pike Home Guard was disbanded,  Anderson served as colonel in the 49th Enrolled Missouri Militia and 1st Battalion Enrolled Missouri Militia.  He was elected to the United States Congress as a Radical in 1864.
           
Polk County Home Guard          
      15th Regiment USRC Home Guard Col. James W. Johnson   4 companies June-Dec. 6   1 KIA Note:  Detachment fought at Siege of Lexington Sept. 11-21 and was captured en masse.
           
Putnam County Home Guard           
     Collins' Independent Company Capt. Sylvester S. Collins 58 May-Aug. 1    
     Shawneetown Independent Company Capt. James Ewing 84 July-Sept. 1    
     Bogle's Independent Company Capt. William H. Bogle 59 Aug.-Oct. 13    
           
St. Charles County Home Guard Regiment Col. Arnold Krekel 12 companies July-Aug.    
           
St. Louis County Home Guard          
      Carondelet Independent Company Capt. Henry Nagel 127 June-Oct. 17    
           
Scott County Home Guard Battalion Maj. Daniel Abbey   4 companies May-Aug. 5    
           
Shelby County Independent Company  Capt. Joseph H. Forman 70 July 23-Aug. 23    
           
Stone County Home Guard Regiment  Col. Asa G. Smith   6 companies June 5-July 19   8 KIA  
           
Sullivan County Home Guard          
      Cooper's Independent Company Capt. James W. Cooper 63 June-Sept. 20    
      Meals' Independent Company Capt. William S. Meals 72 June-Sept. 20    
           
Washington County Home Guard          
      Potosi Independent Company Capt. George R. French 75 July-Sept. 9   1 DOW Note:  Participated in Action at Potosi on Aug. 10
           
Webster County Home Guard Regiment Col. Noah H. Hampton   7 companies July-Aug. 18    

Sources: Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Missouri for the Year 1863 (St. Louis, Mo., 1864), pp. 95-133;

Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri for the Year Ending December 31, 1865 (Jefferson City, Mo., 1866), pp. 28-30, 36-39;

Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, 1908), pp. 1341-1343. See also,

Organization and Status of Missouri Troops in Service During the Civil War (Washington: Government Printing Office 1902)


©2004 Kirby Ross

No reproduction or distribution without consent of author.

Feel free to link to this or any other page on the site.

Please don't hyperlink to pictures, query for copying permission.

Return to Civil War St. Louis

Hit Counter

Total site hits

Hit Counter

since January 25, 2001

 

Other websites by the webmasters of Civil War St. Louis:

D. A. Houdek - Science Fiction & Fantasy Stories - Historical Romance Novel - Commentaries

The Heinlein Archives

The Heinlein Society

The Heinlein Prize

Butler Public Library

Caltronics Assembly & Design, Inc.

Edina Technical Products

Seven Deadly Sins of Vending

Laura Ingalls Wilder - Laura's Friends - De Smet - Mansfield - Rose Wilder Lane